The prevailing theories about Atlantis are:
~It's an exaggeration based on the fall of the Minoan civilization and the destruction of
the island Thera
~It was Real
Below you'll find a brief summary of each of the theories as well as key
points either for or
against the theory. Although many people in each camp consider the case closed there is no
definitive proof for any theory. In the case of the "It's Fiction" theory it is essentially
impossible to definitively prove that it was fiction.
This is the easiest answer - Atlantis is fiction. It was made up to suit
the purposes of Plato's
~Nothing to prove. Timaeus and Critias are simply stories.
~It is stated several times within the dialogues
that the story is true
~Parts about the impassable sea and the true continent on the other side of Atlantis tend
to indicate a more detailed knowledge that a fictional story
& The Minoan Civilization
There are some compelling similarites between the destruction of Thera
and the destruction of
~The island of
Thera, a volcanic island, was destroyed around 1500 BC by an
explosion which caused more than half of the island to sink into the sea.
~Artifacts found on the island indicate a sophisticated culture, probably part of the
~There is evidence pointing to trade between the Minoans and Egyptians. The Egyptians
would certainly have been aware of the destruction or at least the tremedous damage
done to one of their trading partners.
this theory claim that Plato's date of 9000 years ago should really have
been 900 years ago: somewhere along the line either Solon or Plato made a mistake. If
the story was 900 years ago it would place Atlantis in the time frame of the Minoan
civilization on Crete and Thera. Conveniently overlooked in this thinking is that in
Timaeus the priest tells Solon that ancient Athens and Atlantis preceeded Egypt by a
thousand years. Egypt however existed and was known to have existed since long
before 1500 BC, the time of Crete and Thera. The times just don't add up unless you
assume the Egyptian priest was ignorant of his own recorded history.
~Plato says it's
a true story.
~There are no
other records of such a civlization existing.
~Current archaeological evidence does not support the premise that such sophisticated
civilizations existed around 9000 BC anywhere in the world.